Heat stroke

Nowadays in india, due to changing climate and global warming, we came across the imbalance in heat and cold waves.

Heat stroke or sun stroke experienced especially after Holi i.e in March till May. It is characterised by the following symptoms :

  • Throbbing headache especially occipital.
  • Dizziness, fainting spells and light-headedness.
  • Lack of sweating despite the heat.
  • Red, hot, and dry skin.
  • Skin shows heat rashes on the parts exposed to sun.
  • Cold and watery discharges from nose may be seen in some.
  • Muscle weakness or cramps.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Rapid heartbeat can be strong or weak.
  • Rapid, shallow breathing.

First aid for heat stroke

  • Shift to the cool shade and away from sun place.
  • Cool the body first by removing the extra clothing. Switch fans or AC.
  • Give the cold water bath if possible.
  • If the person is young and healthy and suffered heat stroke while exercising, give ice packs, in the underarms, groin, back, neck area.
Risk factors

Heat stroke is most likely to affect older people suffer with chronic illness, addicts of alcohol, small kids immediately contact the doctor.

Preventions for heat stroke

  • Avoid sun i.e in afternoon visit to anywhere, travel in either early morning or after sunset.
  • If necessary use proper sun coat, scarf.
  • Cotton clothing should be preferred.
  • Use a sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of 30 or more.
  • Drink extra fluids to prevent dehydration.
  • Take at least 250 milliliters of water before exercises.

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